A pilot and demonstration website for visualization of a selection of EURO4M datasets is available at euro4mvis.knmi.nl . Samples of datasets with a * are included in the pilot visualization.


The Global Climate Observing System (GCOS) established a list of Essential Climate Variables (ECV's) that need to be measured in order to monitor the climate effectively.

The table gives pointers to the observation datasets and the reanalyses datasets of several atmospheric ECV's which have been developed as part of EURO4M.

Essential Climate Variable -- Datasets Res.
Area Spatial
Period Format Reference
1* Precipitation Alpine precipitation grid dataset (EURO4M-APGD)(D1.1) MS European Alps and adjacent flatland 5 km daily 1971-2008 NedCDF Factsheet: Alpine Precipitation Grid Dataset.

Isotta, F.A. et al., 2014: The climate of daily precipitation in the Alps: development and analysis of a high-resolution grid dataset from pan-Alpine rain-gauge data. Int. J. Climatol., 34 (5), 1657-1675.

Dataset DOI: 10.18751/Climate/Griddata/APGD/1.0
2* Atmospheric surface variables European Climate Assessment & Dataset (ECA&D). KNMI Europea, North Africa and the Middle East point data daily 1775-present ASCII Factsheet: Daily station data - ECA&D (European Climate Assessment & Dataset).

Klein Tank, A.M.G. and Coauthors, 2002. Daily
dataset of 20th-century surface air temperature and precipitation series for the European Climate Assessment. Int. J. of Climatol., 22, 1441-1453.
3 Air temperature, pressure, precipitation Updated and merged Mediterranean station dataset (D1.12, D1.13) URV All countries bordering the Mediterranean Sea point data daily 1850-1970 ASCII Factsheet: Merged climate dataset for the Mediterranean.
4 Air temp., Surface soil temperature, Precipitation, Sea level pressure, Cloud cover, Sunshine duration, Relative humidity Daily gridded datasets Romania NMA-RO Romania 0.10 x 0.10 degree daily 1961-01-01 to 2013-12-31 netCDF Factsheet: Daily gridded datasets Romania.
5* Air temperature, pressure, precipitation E-OBS gridded dataset (D1.4). KNMI Europea, North Africa and the Middle East 25 km or 50 km daily 1950-present NetCDF Factsheet: E-OBS gridded dataset (D1.4).

Haylock, M.R., N. Hofstra, A.M.G. Klein Tank, E.J. Klok, P.D. Jones and M. New. 2008: A European daily high-resolution gridded dataset of surface temperature and precipitation. J. Geophys. Res (Atmospheres), 113, D20119, doi:10.1029/2008JD10201

Besselaar, E.J.M. van den, M.R. Haylock, A.M.G. Klein Tank en G. van der Schrier, A European Daily High-resolution Observational Gridded Data set of Sea Level Pressure J. Geophys. Res., 2011, 116, D11110, doi:10.1029/2010JD015468
6* Air temperature, pressure, precipitation, water vapour CRU/UEA gridded data products (D1.6). UEA Global (European window available) 0.5 degree monthly 1901-2011 ASCII Factsheet: CRU/UEA Data Products
7 Precipitation Global Precipitation Climatology Centre (GPCC) full data reanalysis version 5 (D1.3) DWD Global (European window available) 0.5 degree monthly 1901-2009 ASCII Becker, A. et al., 2013: A description of the global land-surface precipitation data products of the Global Precipitation Climatology Centre with sample applications including centennial (trend) analysis from 1901-present. Earth Syst. Sci. Data, 5, 71-99, doi:10.5194/essd-5-71-2013
8* Precipitation Integrated HOAPS/GPCC precipitation gridded dataset (D1.8). DWD Global (European window available) 0.5 degree monthly 1987-2008 NetCDF Factsheet:Integrated HOAPS/GPCC precipitation data.
9* Surface radiation budget Surface solar irradiance (SIS) gridded dataset (D1.7). DWD Europe, NOrth Africa and the Middle East 0.03 degree monthly 1983-2005 NetCDF Factsheet: Surface solar irradiance (SIS).
10* Water vapour ATOVS water vapour gridded dataset (D1.9). DWD Global (European window available) 90 km monthly 1999-2012 NetCDF Factsheet: ATOVS-based gridded dataset of Integrated Water Vapor.
11 Surface radiation, precipitation, cloud properties MSG-based gridded datasets of clouds, precipitation and radiation (D1.10). KNMI Europe, incl. North Africa 3 km 15 minutes 2005-present NetCDF Factsheet: High-resolution datasets of precipitation, SSI and cloud properties for the MSG period (2005-present).
12 - Daily surface min. and max. temperature,

- Daily and monthly sunshine duration
SEVIRI-based gridded datasets of Temperature and sunshine duration

Met Office Europe ~4-10 km Temperature:

15 minutes
Temperature: 2012-2013

2009 - early 2012
NetCDF Factsheet: SEVIRI Daily Minimum and Maximum Surface Temperature.

Factsheet: SEVIRI Daily and Monthly Sunshine Duration.

Report: Daily Minimum and Maximum Surface Temperatures from SEVIRI.

Good, E., Estimating daily sunshine duration over the UK from geo-stationary satellite dataVIRI Daily Minimum and Maximum Surface Temperature, Weather, December 2010, Vol. 65, No. 12, 324-328. doi: 10.1002/wea.619

Kothe, S., Good, E., Obregón, A., Ahrens, B., Nitsche, H., 2013, Satellite-Based Sunshine Duration for Europe. Remote Sens. 2013, 5, 2943-2972; doi:10.3390/rs5062943
13* Atmospheric surface and upper-air variables 4D-VAR regional reanalysis (D2.1) Met Office Europe, North Africa and the Middle East 12 km 6 hourly 2008-2009 NetCDF Factsheet: Met Office 4D-VAR Reanalysis.
14* Atmospheric surface and upper-air variables 3D-VAR regional reanalysis (D2.3) SMHI Europe, North Africa and the Middle East 0.2 degree 6 hourly 1989-2010 GRIB Factsheet: HIRLAM 3D-VAR dynamical downscaling re-analysis.
15 Atmospheric surface variables MESAN 2D surface downscaling reanalysis (D2.4) SMHI Europe, North Africa and the Middle East 0.05 degree daily 1989-1997 GRIB Factsheet: MESAN 2D surface downscaling re-analysis.
16 Atmospheric surface variables MESCAN 2D surface downscaling reanalysis (D2.6) MF Europe 0.05 degree 6 hourly 2007-2010 netCDF Factsheet: Surface downscaling reanalysis.


In addition to the project partners, many others have contributed to the datasets and the products & services developed as part of EURO4M. In particular, the contributions of these persons are much appreciated.